20 Apr How technology enhances the work of civil engineers
No one better than a construction professional to understand how the technology in construction is moving forward, and how the big is difference between what goes on on paper and what really happens in the field. According to the Harvard Business Review, one in six projects will extrapolate the costs in the budget by almost 70%.
Technology in construction is one of the best ways to change this landscape – even so, the sector still shows some resistance to innovation and change of customs. Here are 5 ways how technology can transform project productivity and enhance the execution of numerous build steps:
3D modeling uses software to create a mathematical representation in a three-dimensional form. Although already well known in the construction industry, many companies have not yet adopted the technology at all stages of the project. This reluctance has something to do with the naturally conservative inclination of the construction industry, but also with the difficulties of storing and sharing 3D models.
Some modeling software – such as the BIM 360 Glue – allows 3D models to be shared and viewed on the go, especially at the construction site. With this, the project can be changed or updated in real time, according to the executability of the services in the field. Thus, inaccurate data and calculations can be quickly corrected and the company avoids reworking in several steps, resulting in extra costs and delays to customers.
Drones are still little explored as a new technology in construction, but the variety of applications of this new trend is just unimaginable.
Drones can be a powerful agile inspection tool at the construction site, providing a complete and differentiated view of ongoing services. Thus, inspections can be more frequent and possible inadequacies can be corrected before they even become a real problem.
Here in Brazil, for example, the construction company Tecnisa innovated by being the first to use the technology of drones to carry out the photographic record of progress at the construction site. In the United States, the time lapse in high resolution of the construction of the new headquarters of Apple was also possible thanks to the images captured by drones.
The total station is one of the most used equipment in the preliminary phases of a work. The robotic stations can be operated remotely and coordinated, being one of the easiest technologies to implement at the construction site.
Benefits include more accurate measurements, faster inspections, real-time data availability, lower error rates, and consequently reduced rework.
technology in civil construction Structures produced with 3D printing by the architect Andrey Rudenko
Precast products have become a common element of construction projects, being used in greater volume here in Brazil in the last three years. In addition to being sustainable because they use less inputs, prefabricated products still reduce construction time, since the parts are produced in the factory and only need to be assembled or fitted on site.
In recent years, the prefabrication industry has also started to produce the components through 3D printing, which allows custom and complex shapes to be produced economically and quickly. 3D printing on the construction site also begins to gain ground, promising to be a flexible and automated way to build some structural elements accurately. This reduces human error rates and, consequently, increases performance in the field.
Read also: Prefabricated houses: types, advantages and how it works
5. Mobile devices + mobile document management
technology in construction
Mobile data and document management is one of the most important technologies for civil construction. Combined with the use of mobile devices and even BIM-type software, the 3D models, the photographic record, the updated plans and the tasks of each collaborator are accessed directly at the construction site when necessary, ensuring an up-to-date and compatible view between the project and what is being done in the field.
To ensure the organization and operation of all these items, it is essential to have a specific project management platform for civil construction – such as Construct. In this way, teams exchange information in real time and the project manager can make important decisions based on what is really a priority.